Dietary supplements with fatty acids and amino acidsIn addition to vitamins and herbal remedies, fats also play a fundamental role in nutrition. Fats can be divided into three types: "saturated", "monounsaturated" and "polyunsaturated".
Saturated fatty acids can be produced by the body itself, but are also found in fatty meat, sausage and cheese. We consume monounsaturated fatty acids mainly with olive oil.
Polyunsaturated fats are furthermore distinguished into two groups: omega-6 fatty acids and omega-3 fatty acids. Both types of fatty acids are important for the structure of body cells because they form their walls (membranes). In addition, they are the starting material for important signal substances known as eicosanoids, which regulate blood pressure, blood clotting and blood lipid levels, for example, but can also be involved in inflammation. Omega-3 fatty acids also form important messenger substances that can protect against arteriosclerosis.
In general, amino acids may be also referred to as so-called proteinogenic amino acids, i.e. the building blocks of proteins. They are involved in vital metabolic processes. The most important amino acids are arginine, carnitine, glutamine and glutamic acid, methionine, ornithine and taurine.